Topic outline

  • Hydrogeology and Geochemistry

  • Course Description


    • Earth: structure (plate tectonics) and composition (elements)
    • minerals, rocks and soils; geological agents, processes and mass fluxes
    • tectonics, geologic structures
    • historical and regional geology
    • raw materials, mining
    • engineering geology (soil mechanics, slope processes)
    • waste disposal (landfills, radioactive waste)


    • subsurface water, groundwater in water cycle
    • groundwater hydraulics, density driven flow (Elder problem, Henry problem), hard rock hydrogeology, unsaturated zone
    • solute transport (ADE), NAPL (LNAPL, DNAPL)
    • environmental geochemistry
      • equilibria (thermodynamics, activity, Gibbs free energy, mass action law, solubility product, IAP, saturation, Nernst Equation, redox sequence (redox ladder), sorption)
      • kinetics (order of reactions, radioactive deay)
      • stable and radioactive isotopes
    • groundwater survey techniques (mapping, drilling, wells, dynamic tests, tracer tests), geophysical methods (surface, borehole logging)
    • subsurface contamination and remediation
    • groundwater modelling (flow, transport), geochemical modelling
      • general issues: uncertainty classification and assessment, simplicity and complexity
      • model development (perceptual, conceptual and procedural model; model ensembles)
      • assumptions and limitations
      • application software (MODFLOW based models, ModelMuse, PHREEQC)

  • Prerequisites

    A course for students without geoscientific background

  • Teacher: Kamil Nešetřil

  • Geology

  • Regional geology

  • Hydrogeology

    Awsome new source: The Groundwater Project 🕮 (eg. book Conceptual and Visual Understanding of Hydraulic Head and Groundwater Flow)

  • Groundwater Modelling



  • Alternative simple models

  • Recommended literature

    Printed books – Kamil

    ŠRÁČEK, Ondřej a Josef ZEMAN, 2004. Introduction to environmental hydrogeochemistry. Brno: Masaryk University. ISBN 978-80-210-3586-7. Available online:

    APPELO, C. A. J. a Dieke POSTMA, 2005. Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution. 2. vyd. Leiden; New York: Balkema. ISBN 978-0-415-36421-8

    DE MARSILY, Ghislain, 1986. Quantitative hydrogeology: groundwater hydrology for engineers. Přel. Gunila DE MARSILY. Orlando, FL: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-208916-2.

    FETTER, C.W., 2008. Contaminant hydrogeology. Long Grove  IL: Waveland Press  Inc. ISBN 978-1-57766-583-0.

    Library of TUL:

    JEŽEK, Josef.Geostatistika a prostorová interpolace. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze – Nakladatelství Karolinum, 2015. ISBN 978-80-246-3076-2.

    WEBSTER, R. a M. A. OLIVER. Geostatistics for environmental scientists. 2nd ed. Chichester: John Wiley, 2007. ISBN 978-0-470-02858-2.

    PLUMMER, Charles C., Diane H. CARLSON a Lisa HAMMERSLEY. Physical geology. 14th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013. ISBN 978-0-07-336938-9.

    Available online:

    EARLE, Steven, 2017. Physical Geology. BCcampus.

    GILL, Robin, 2015. Chemical fundamentals of geology and environmental geoscience. 3. ed. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-470-65665-5. About the book. Available at Kamil Nešetřil.

  • Drought, floods, climatic change

  • Diffusion transport in heterogeneous formations

    Experimental study and simulation of diffusion transport in heterogeneous formations

  • Laboratory techniques for determination of flow and transport parameters

    Numerical flow and transport models for forecasting cannot be based only on literature data, but need experimentally determined parameters. This training provides additional knowledge on the determination of flow and transport parameters on a laboratory scale, such as porosity, hydraulic conductivity, diffusion coefficient and distribution coefficient. The approaches considered are applicable to a wide range of permeability of sedimentary deposits.

  • Nol

  • Cencerová